Bahram 3 Definition
Bahram 3rd (died 293) was the sixth Sassanid King of Persia, only son of Bahram 2. At a young age he was appointed viceroy to the region of Sekestan after Bahram 2's conquest of it around 280's AD.Bahram 3 ascended to the throne vacated by his father following his death in 293 AD. Following his father's loss of Armenia, Bahram 3 was considered too weak to rule the kingdom by much of the nobility and many nobles challenged his succession, instead pledging allegiance to his uncle Narsi (Narseh). After reigning for a period of only four months, Bahram 3 was killed during a revolt by Narsi who then ascended to the throne.In Sassanid Persia, it was customary for kings after conquering a land or people, to give their sons titles showing domination over them. Bahram 3 gained his title of Sakanshah presumably after his father's victory over the Sekestan (present day Sistan) region. Also following early Sassanid practices of giving appendage of provinces to princes, Bahram 3 was appointed to Sekestan due to the regions importance as being a defence against influential peoples on the eastern extremes of the kingdom.Following the death of Bahram 2 in 293 CE, Bahram 3 was proclaimed king in Persus by a group of nobles led by Wahnam and supported by Adurfarrobay, King of Mesan. By the time of his ascension, he was still a minor and considered a weak character by much of the nobility. Bahram 2's loss of Armenia undermined the integrity of the kingdom giving the Romans an easy route to invade Media and many western parts of the kingdom. Many amongst the nobility considered him too weak to properly handle the threat posed by the Romans and the possibility of invasion. Many of the nobility decided to instead challenge his succession to the throne and instead pledged allegiance to Narseh, the last remaining son of Shapour 1st, and someone who was perceived as being a stronger leader and one who would be able to bring glory to Persia.Four months into Bahram 3's reign, his grand-uncle Narseh was summoned to Ctesiphon by the request of many members of the Persian nobility. According to the Paikuli inscription these nobles swore their total allegiance to him there and asked that he would take the throne. In a brief revolt, Wahnam was captured and executed and Bahram was removed from the throne. It is assumed Bahram 3 was also killed in the uprising though there is no documentation of this so his fate remains uncertain.Many coins that could be attributed to him are small in number and due to uncertainty; many are often attributed to Narseh. Because many of the coins are attributed to him are smoother than usual the details of his crown are faint. It is believed that he is depicted wearing a gold crown with a crenellated lower rim and two large deer horns or at least replicas of them attached on each side. The Sassanid sphere sits between the horns on the front of the crown.
Tags:Armenia, Bahram 2, Bahram 3, Ctesiphon, Media, Narseh, Narsi, Persia, Persian, Sakanshah, Sassanid, Sekestan, Shapour, Sistan