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Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Jiroft Definition

A Jiroft culture has been postulated as an early Bronze Age (late 3rd millennium BC) archaeological culture, located in what is now Iran's Sistan and Kerman Provinces. The hypothesis is based on a collection of artifacts that were confiscated in Iran and accepted by many to have derived from the Jiroft area in south central Iran, reported by online Iranian news services, beginning in 2001.The proposed type site is Konar Sandal, near Jiroft in the Halil River area. Other significant sites associated with the culture include; Shahr-e Sukhteh (Burnt City), Tepe Bampur, Espiedej, Shahdad, Iblis, and Tepe Yahya.The proposition of grouping these sites as an "independent Bronze Age civilization with its own architecture and language", intermediate between Elam to the west and the Indus Valley Civilization to the east, is a speculation that they may be the remains of the lost Aratta Kingdom. Other conjectures have connected the Konar Sandal with the obscure city-state of Marhashi, that apparently lay to the east of Elam proper.Many artifacts associated with Jiroft were recovered from looters described as destitute villagers who had scavenged the area south of Jiroft before 2001, when a team began excavations, they uncovered more than two square kilometers of remains from a city dating back to at least the late 3rd millennium BC.The looted artifacts and some vessels recovered by the excavators were of the so-called "intercultural style" type of pottery known from Mesopotamia and the Iranian Plateau, and since the 1960s from nearby Tepe Yahya in Baft. The Jiroft Civilization hypothesis proposes that this intercultural style is in fact the distinctive style of a previously unknown, long-lived civilization.Most archaeologists accept the Jiroft site as part of the Elamite Civilization.Archeological excavations in Jiroft led to the discovery of several objects belonging to the fourth millennium BC.The evidence of Tal-i-Iblis culture in Bardsir can be traced in all parts of the region. The primary Jiroft site consists of two mounds a few kilometers apart, called Konar Sandal A and B with a height of 13 and 21 meters, respectively (approximate location 28.5°N 57.8°E). At Konar Sandal B, a two-story, windowed citadel with a base of close to 13.5 hectares was found.Inscriptions comparable to linear Elamite have been discovered at the site, a claim that is viewed with skepticism asserting that the discovered inscription in Jiroft does not have any relations with Elamite scripts and belongs to the eastern civilization. (Wikipedia) - Jiroft For the administrative subdivision, see Jiroft County. For the university, see Jiroft University. Jiroft جيرفت Country Province County Bakhsh Population (2006)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST)
Coordinates: 28°40′41″N 57°44′26″E / 28.67806°N 57.74056°E / 28.67806; 57.74056Coordinates: 28°40′41″N 57°44′26″E / 28.67806°N 57.74056°E / 28.67806; 57.74056
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Jiroft (Persian: جيرفت‎, also Romanized as Jīroft; formerly, Sabzāwārān, Sabzevārān, Sabzevārān-e Jiroft, and Sabzvārān) is a city in and the capital of Jiroft County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 95,031, in 19,926 families. It is located 230 kilometres (140 mi) south of the city of Kerman, and 1,375 kilometres (854 mi) south of Tehran along Road 91. In the past it was also called Sabzevaran, and on account of its being very fertile land it is famous as Hend-e-Koochak (the little India).

Jiroft is located in a vast plain, Halil River, on the southern outskirts of the Jebal Barez mountain chain, surrounded by two rivers. The mean elevation of the city is about 650-metres above sea level. The weather of the city is very warm in summer and temperatures are moderate in winter. It is one of the hottest places in Iran.

There is a large dam (Jiroft Dam) upstream the city (40 km North-East of Jiroft) on the Halil River (Halilrood). It is under operation since 1992. Having a reservoir of more than 410 million cubic meters of water, irrigates 14200 hectars of the downstream and generates electricity.

The name "Jiroft" has recently become known in archaeological circles, after Iran''s Cultural Organization announced the discovery of remains from an ancient city buried near the current city of Jiroft, leading to theories proposing the remains belong to a forgotton culture known as the Jiroft civilization.

The city is served by Jiroft Airport, located several kilometres to the northwest.

Tags:Bardsir, Bronze Age, Burnt City, Elam, Elamite, India, Indus, Iran, Iranian, Jiroft, Kerman, Mesopotamia, Persian, Plateau, Shahdad, Sistan, Tehran, Wikipedia

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