Mohammad Ali Shah

محمد علی شاه

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Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Mohammad Ali Shah Definition

6th Qajar king (June, 21, 1872 - April, 5, 1925) (Wikipedia) - Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar   (Redirected from Mohammad Ali Shah) For other people named Muhammad Ali, see Muhammad Ali (disambiguation). Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar Reign Predecessor Successor Spouse Full name Dynasty Father Mother Born Died Religion
Shahanshah of Persia
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
Ahmad Shah Qajar
Malekeh Jahan
Mohmmad Ali Shah
Qajar dynasty
Mozzafar-al-Din Shah
(1872-06-21)21 June 1872 Amol, Persia
5 April 1925(1925-04-05) (aged 52) Sanremo, Italy
Shia Islam

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar (Persian: محمدعلی شاه قاجار‎) (21 June 1872 – 5 April 1925, Sanremo, Italy) was the Shah of Persia (Today''s Iran) from 8 January 1907 to 16 July 1909.

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Honours
  • 3 Children
  • 4 List of Prime Ministers
  • 5 See also
  • 6 Notes
  • 7 External links


He was against the constitution that was ratified during the reign of his father, Mozzafar-al-Din Shah. In 1907 Mohammad Ali dissolved the parliament and declared the Constitution abolished because it was contrary to Islamic law. He bombarded the Majles (Persian parliament) with the military and political support of Russia and Britain. In July 1909, pro-Constitution forces marched from Persia''s provinces to Tehran led by Sardar As''ad, Sepehdar A''zam, Sattar Khan, Bagher Khan and Yeprem Khan, deposed the Shah, and re-established the constitution. On 16 July 1909, the parliament voted to place Mohammad Ali Shah''s 11 year old son, Ahmad Shah on the throne. Mohammad Ali Shah abdicated following the new Constitutional Revolution and he has since been remembered as a symbol of dictatorship.

Having fled to Odessa, Russia (present day Ukraine), Mohammad Ali plotted his return to power. In 1911 he landed at Astarabad, Persia, but his forces were defeated. Mohammad Ali Shah returned to Russia, then in 1920 to Constantinople and later to San Remo, Italy, where he died on 5 April 1925 (bur. Shrine of Imam Husain, Karbala, Iraq). Every Shah of Persia since Mohammad Ali has died in exile.

His son and successor, Ahmad Shah Qajar was the last sovereign of the Qajar dynasty.

  • Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold of Austria-1900
  • Knight of the Order of St. Andrew of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of the White Eagle of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of Saint Stanislaus, 1st Class of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of St. Anna, 1st Class of Russia-1905
  • Exalted Order of the House of Osman of Turkey-1905
  • Grand Cross of the Legion d''Honneur of France-1907
Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar with Mirza Mohammad Ebrahim Khan, the Moavin al-Dowleh, and CompanyA 2000 Dinar/2 Qiran coin of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar eraChildren

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar had eight children from two marriages. From his first wife he had one son. From his second marriage to Princess Malekeh Jahan daughter of Prince Kamran Mirza Nayeb os-Saltaneh, he had seven children. The oldest child, Gholam Hossein Mirza, died in infancy.

  • From Robabeh Khanoum Malihe Saltaneh
    • Prince Hossein-Ali Mirza E''tezad os-Saltaneh
  • From Malakeh Jahan daughter of Kamran Mirza
    • Prince Gholam-Hossein Mirza, died in infancy
    • Prince Soltan Ahmad Mirza later Soltan Ahmad Shah Qajar (21 January 1898, Tabriz - 27 February 1930, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France)
    • Prince Mohammad-Hassan Mirza (20 February 1899, Tabriz − 7 January 1943, Maidenhead, United Kingdom)
    • Prince Soltan Mahmoud Mirza (15 October 1905, Tehran - 2 July 1988, Évian-les-Bains, France])
    • Prince Soltan Majid Mirza (7 January 1907, Tehran - 24 May 1986, Paris)
    • Princess Khadijeh (1900, Tabriz - 1956, Tehran)
    • Princess Assieh (1908, Tehran - 1953, Isfahan)
List of Prime Ministers[edit]
  • Mirza Nasrollah Khan Moshir od-Dowleh (till 17 March 1907)
  • Mirza Ali-Asghar Khan Amin os-Soltan (1 May 1907 - 31 August 1907)
  • Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni (1st Term) (13 September 1907 - 21 December 1907)
  • Hossein Khan Nezam os-Saltaneh Mafi (21 December 1907 - 21 May 1908)
  • Morteza-Qoli Khan Hedayat Sani od-Dowleh (21 May 1908 - 7 June 1908)
  • Prince Kamran Mirza Nayeb os-Saltaneh (7 June 1908 - 29 April 1909)

Tags:Ahmad Shah, Ahmad Shah Qajar, Amol, Astarabad, Austria, Bagher Khan, Britain, Constantinople, Constitution, Constitutional Revolution, Dinar, Dynasty, France, Hossein Khan, Imam, Iran, Iraq, Isfahan, Islam, Islamic, Italy, Kamran Mirza, Karbala, Khaghan, Khan, Mirza, Mohammad Ali Shah, Nasrollah, Paris, Persia, Persian, Qajar, Revolution, Russia, Sattar Khan, Shah, Shahanshah, Shia, Shia Islam, Tabriz, Tehran, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Wikipedia, Yeprem

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